- There are 3 types of strawberries – Spring-bearing, Ever-bearing and Day Neutral.
- ‘Spring-bearing’ strawberries are the traditionally grown strawberries that produce a single, large crop per year during a 2 - 3 week period.
- They are classified into early, mid-season and late varieties.
- ‘Spring-bearing’ strawberries produce many runners, their fruit are larger than the other 2 types, they produce their crop at once and it is used to make yam.
- They need space and will grow as a groundcover.
- ‘Ever-bearing’ strawberries are very productive and produce three periods of flowers and fruit during spring, summer and autumn.
- They do not produce many runners and instead focus their energy on producing multiple harvests.
- The fruits are usually somewhat smaller than those of the ‘spring-bearers’ and they are excellent to eat fresh.
- ‘Ever-bearing’ strawberries are ideal for gardeners who have limited space - they can be grown in terraced beds, barrels or pyramids.
- They can also be used as an edging plant or a groundcover.
- ‘Day neutral’ strawberries are similar to the ‘Ever-bearing’ types – except that they do not produce runners and produce fruit ongoing throughout the growing season.
- Four to 6 plants will provide a handful of strawberries on a regular basis.
- They are ideal for edgings, in the rock garden, containers or narrow rows in the vegetable garden.
- ‘Yellow Wonder Alpine’ is classified as a ‘Day Neutral’ strawberry - it is a very productive variety that will bear fruit from spring until winter.
- Tiny white flowers appear all season, followed by small cone-shaped creamy-yellow fruit.
- It taste sweeter than the red varieties, has a strong sweet aroma and birds do not notice the fruit because of its color.
- It is both edible and ornamental.
- Yellow Wonder alpine strawberries do not produce runners - therefore they are ideal for edgings, in the rock garden, containers or narrow rows in the vegetable garden.
- ‘Yellow wonder’ requires a loose, loamy, slightly acidic soil (pH 6.0-6.5) and full sun.
- Strawberries will tolerate a variety of soil conditions as long as they have adequate drainage.
- All strawberries are prone to diseases caused by too moist soil conditions and overcrowding.
- Keep soil loose, plants must be properly spaced and ripe or moldy fruit must be picked daily.
Medicinal Uses. It is said that:
- The leaves are included in blended herb teas.
- The fruits are eaten fresh, added to summer drinks, and made into jams, desserts, juice, syrup and wine.
- Strawberries are rich in pectin, fiber, vitamins A, B, C, E, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus and antioxidants.
- It is an appetite stimulant, astringent, antimicrobial, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory.
- A tea of the leaves treat diarrhea and mucosal inflammation of the mouth (as a gargle).
- The leaves and fruit are considered to be a cleansing diuretic for urinary tract disorders, rheumatism, gout and arthritis.
- Combine with St. John's Wort for mild arthritic pain, or with celery seed for gout.
- Young leaves have been used as a substitute for black tea and are sometimes taken as a bulking agent (filler) in medicinal herbal teas.
- The leaves are rich in flavonoids.
- Crushed strawberries have been a popular cosmetic remedy for centuries.
- Apply to whiten the skin and to remove freckles and clear acne.
- Apply it as an inexpensive face mask – it is a good toner and renovator.
- Apply it as an emergency treatment for mild sunburn.
- Apply mashed strawberries on skin cancer.
- Apply it over a ringworm infection and re-apply fresh daily.
- To whiten the teeth – rub strawberries over the teeth and leave on as long as possible before rinsing.
- Eat strawberries for gastritis and as a liver tonic after hepatitis.
- Strawberry juice shows anti-bacterial properties – was used in typhoid epidemics.